The vast majority of the Balinese believe in Agama Tirta, “holy-water religion“. It is a Shivaite sect of Hinduism. Traveling Indian priests are said to have introduced the people to the sacred literature of Hinduism and Buddhism centuries ago. The people accepted it and combined it with their own pre-Hindu mythologies. The Balinese from before the third wave of immigration, known as the Bali Aga, are mostly not followers of Agama Tirta, but retain their own animist traditions.
- The Unique Cultures Of The Bali People (batikpekalongan.net)
- Traveller’s Guide: Bali (independent.co.uk)
- Cultures of Indonesia: From Sea Gypsies to cannibals and more (gadling.com)